December 2023 - BOBI

Progressive Muscle Relaxtion: To Do List In Order for Muscle Relaxation to Occur

progressive muscle relaxation

Have you ever felt like your muscles are always tense, and you just can’t seem to relax? That’s where progressive muscle relaxation comes in. It is one of the most commonly used relaxation techniques by mental health professionals. In order for muscle relaxation to occur, it’s vital you learn a simple process that’s able to be used by anyone, anytime.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) is a systematic technique that involves tensing and relaxing specific muscle groups in the body. It has been used for decades to help people cope with stress, anxiety, and even physical pain. I recommend this technique all the time as something that can be used, alongside other techniques, to help facilitate relaxation.

In this blog post, we will dive deep into understanding what PMR is, how it works, and what benefits it offers. We’ll also go over a specific to-do list that you can try at home and considerations to keep in mind while practicing them. We’ll talk about how consistent practice leads to better relaxation and its use in elite sports, and lastly how you can utilise bobi alongside your PMR practice. So, let’s start exploring this effective muscle relaxation technique for any part of the body!

History of Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation was developed by American physician Edmund Jacobson in the early 20th century. Jacobson believed that muscle tension played a significant role in causing anxiety and sought a way to release this tension through the technique of tightening and relaxation of muscle groups, which eventually became known as progressive muscle relaxation.

This non-pharmacological approach gained popularity over time and is now widely recommended by healthcare professionals. It has also found its place in the world of elite sports. Jacobson’s technique aims to reduce stress and anxiety by systematically releasing physical and mental tension through the process of tensing and relaxing muscles in a comfortable position. By doing so, the body can achieve a state of deep relaxation.

Benefits of Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation effectively alleviates muscle tension and stress, aids in relieving headaches, cramping, and neck pain, and decreases high blood pressure levels. It also helps achieve pain relief, better sleep quality, and is valuable for pregnant women experiencing discomfort as per above.

Easing Anxiety and Tension

PMR has emerged as a highly effective method for easing anxiety and tension, with numerous studies underscoring its benefits. A pivotal study published in the Explore Journal found that individuals who practiced PMR experienced a significant decrease in anxiety levels compared to those who did not. This is attributed to the way PMR interrupts the cycle of chronic muscle tension and mental stress, a common feature in anxiety disorders. In conjunction with other techniques, such as breathing exercises, PMR can be a natural and effective way to decrease anxiety and control shortness of breath.

Further research in the field of psychophysiology has revealed that PMR can alter the body’s physiological response to stress. By reducing muscle tension, PMR lowers the heart rate and decreases blood pressure, both of which are often elevated during periods of anxiety. A recent study demonstrated that regular practice of PMR leads to improved autonomic regulation, which is crucial in managing the physical symptoms of anxiety and improving the quality of life. Incorporating PMR into a daily routine can provide a practical and non-pharmacological way to manage anxiety. Its simplicity and ease of practice make it accessible to a wide range of individuals, offering a valuable resource for those seeking to improve their mental health and well-being.

Physiological Benefits

person relaxing practicing progressive muscle relaxation

PMR offers several physiological benefits. This technique has been associated with decreased blood pressure, reducing the risk of cardiovascular problems. By releasing muscle tension, PMR can alleviate muscular aches, pains, and headaches. It has also shown effectiveness in reducing the symptoms of migraines.

Furthermore, PMR improves breathing patterns, leading to an increased sense of oxygen intake and overall respiratory well-being. The steady supply of oxygen is essential for muscle cells and their optimal functioning. PMR can also enhance the efficiency of the circulatory system, ensuring that sufficient oxygen is delivered to the muscles for longer periods of time during physical activity.

In addition to these benefits, PMR helps individuals develop a better mind-body connection. By focusing on each muscle group, individuals become more aware of their bodies and any areas of discomfort. This self-awareness can lead to early identification and addressing of muscle damage or imbalances.

It’s important to note that the physiological benefits of PMR are not limited to specific regions of the body. Whether it’s alleviating tension in the lower extremities or the upper body, PMR promotes relaxation and comfort throughout the entire musculoskeletal system.

Improving Sleep Quality

Progressive muscle relaxation has also been found to enhance sleep by promoting a state of deep relaxation in the body. This technique and its sleep benefits have been well supported by research, which highlights its effectiveness in improving sleep quality.

One of the key benefits of progressive muscle relaxation for sleep is its ability to alleviate physical discomfort, including tense muscles, that may disrupt sleep. By releasing muscle tension, this practice can help reduce any physical pain or discomfort that might hinder a good night’s rest. Additionally, incorporating progressive muscle relaxation into a bedtime routine can create a calming ritual that signals the body to unwind and prepare for sleep.

Overall, progressive muscle relaxation is an effective technique for enhancing sleep quality. By promoting relaxation and alleviating physical discomfort, it helps individuals achieve a more restful and uninterrupted sleep.

Alleviating Migraines, Neck and Back Pain

Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) has been proven effective in alleviating pain conditions like migraines, neck pain, and low back pain.

For migraine sufferers, PMR offers significant relief. A study published in the Journal of Behavioral Medicine found that participants who practiced PMR experienced a notable reduction in migraine frequency and intensity. This is attributed to the relaxation of muscle tension in the head and neck area, which is a common trigger for migraines.

In the context of neck and low back pain, PMR has shown similar benefits. Research in the Clinical British Journal of Pain indicates that PMR can effectively reduce chronic neck pain by promoting muscle relaxation and improving muscle function. Additionally, a study in the Spine Journal highlights the role of PMR in alleviating low back pain, emphasizing its potential to improve mobility and reduce discomfort.

The effectiveness of PMR in pain management is also linked to its ability to enhance body awareness. Individuals become more attuned to the sensations of tension and relaxation, allowing them to better identify and address areas contributing to their pain. This proactive approach is especially beneficial for chronic pain conditions, where ongoing stress and muscle tension can exacerbate symptoms.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Elite Sport

The integration of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) into elite sports can be traced back to its origins as cited above. Jacobson’s pioneering work in relaxation and stress reduction laid the foundation for PMR’s application in sports. It was in the mid-20th century that sports psychologists and coaches began recognizing the potential of PMR in enhancing athletic performance. They adapted Jacobson’s techniques to suit the specific needs of athletes. In order for muscle relaxation to occur, the athletes focus on reducing muscle tension, which is crucial for optimal performance and injury prevention.

This adoption of PMR in sports was driven by the growing understanding of the mind-body connection in athletic performance. Coaches and sports psychologists realized that physical relaxation techniques could significantly impact mental preparedness and overall performance. PMR became a tool not just for physical conditioning but also for mental training, helping athletes to achieve a state of calm focus essential for competition.

For example, Olympic legend Michael Phelps has long advocated PMR as a critical part of his pre-race preparation. He had previously explained that his coach, Bob Bowman, had given a book, outlining PMR, to his mother when he was young. The book contained a script:

Tighten your right hand into a fist and release it. Imagine the tension melting away.”


Michael Phelps PMR quote

Today, PMR remains a vital component in the training and recovery protocols of elite athletes worldwide, a testament to its enduring effectiveness and the visionary work of Dr. Edmund Jacobson.

Paired Muscle Relaxation Vs Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Paired muscle relaxation is a simple extension of progressive muscle relaxation whereby the participant simply ‘pairs’ their breathing with the tightening (and release) of the muscles. Put simply, you breathe in upon contracting a muscle and release the breath as you relax the muscle. Paired Muscle Relaxation was popularised by the founder of dialectal behaviour therapy (DBT), Marsha Linehan, who incorporated the technique within the distress tolerance module.

How to Practice Progressive Muscle Relaxation

In order for muscle relaxation to occur, it’s important to follow a set routine that you can repeat time after time:

  1. Find a quiet and comfortable place where you can sit or lie down.
  2. Close your eyes and take several deep breaths to relax your body.
  3. Begin by focusing on one muscle group at a time, such as your hands, arms, shoulders, or legs.
  4. Tense each muscle group for about 5 seconds, squeezing as tightly as possible.
  5. Release the tension and allow the muscles to relax completely.
  6. Continue moving systematically through each muscle group, tensing and releasing.
  7. Pay close attention to the sensations of tension and relaxation in each muscle group

By following the tips above, you should be able to deploy PMR effectively on a daily basis.

Tips for Effective Progressive Muscle Relaxation

When practicing progressive muscle relaxation, there are several tips you can follow to ensure an effective and beneficial experience.

  1. Set aside dedicated time: Allocate about 15 to 20 minutes for each session of progressive muscle relaxation. This will allow you to fully engage in the practice and reap its benefits.
  2. Create a suitable environment: Choose a quiet and comfortable space where you can relax without distractions. It’s important to create an atmosphere that promotes relaxation and calmness.
  3. Wear comfortable clothing: Opt for loose, lightweight garments that allow for unrestricted movement. This will enhance your comfort and ease during the muscle tensing and releasing process.
  4. Begin with deep breathing: Before starting the muscle relaxation exercises, take a few moments to practice deep breathing. This will help you relax your body, clear your mind, and prepare for the progressive muscle relaxation technique.
  5. Be consistent with practice: Regularity is key when it comes to progressive muscle relaxation. Even during times when you feel calm, continue practicing to enhance your ability to relax and effectively manage stress.

Considerations While Practicing Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation involves being mindful of when to avoid the technique to prevent any adverse effects. Consulting healthcare professionals for guidance on muscle relaxation can enhance the effectiveness of the practice. Incorporating diaphragmatic breathing, which involves contracting the diaphragm, complements progressive muscle relaxation by promoting relaxation in the next muscle group and relaxed muscles throughout the body. Understanding the physiological effects of progressive muscle relaxation aids in optimizing its benefits.

When to Avoid This Technique

During pregnancy, it’s advisable to avoid progressive muscle relaxation to ensure safety. This technique may affect heart rate, so individuals with heart conditions should be cautious. Some may experience headaches as a result of progressive relaxation. However, it can relieve neck muscle tension and stress. Additionally, it’s important to consider its impact on insomnia. It’s always best to consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance where you have concerns.

How Consistent Practice Leads to Better Relaxation?

In order for muscle relaxation to occur and also achieve relief from anxiety etc, consistent practice of progressive muscle relaxation is essential. Regular practice of PMR is crucial to experiencing its full benefits. By engaging in this technique regularly, you train your body to recognize the cues for relaxation and respond accordingly. Even during times when you feel calm, it is important to continue practicing to enhance your ability to relax and effectively manage stress levels.

Just like any skill, progressive muscle relaxation requires practice to master. Even during times when you feel calm, it is important to continue practicing to maintain and enhance your ability to relax. Consistency allows you to develop a sense of familiarity with the technique, making it easier for you to enter a relaxed state whenever needed.

With consistent practice, you become more attuned to the practice of progressive muscle relaxation that enhances muscle tension release, leading to better relaxation. It improves blood pressure control and deepens the feeling of relaxation, resulting in a more profound and lasting effect. Regular practice reinforces the mind-body connection and maximizes the benefits of this technique.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation and bobi

bobi breathing companion device

Enhance your progressive muscle relaxation practice with bobi’s guided breathing. Let bobi’s tactile cues and slow breathing technique G.E.N.3.6.5 help you release muscle tension and achieve a state of relaxation for better sleep. Try bobi for aided progressive muscle relaxation and synchronise your breathing as you squeeze in, and then relax.

bobi remains a highly effective tool to coach PMR as it utilises the exact biomechanics required through the tensing (contracting) of hand muscles followed by the release, and passive expansion, of the device.  As such bobi is considered the perfect companion for embedding PMR into your daily route.


Progressive Muscle Relaxation is a powerful technique that offers numerous benefits for both physical and mental well-being. By systematically tensing and relaxing different muscle groups, you can release stress and tension, improve sleep quality, alleviate pain, and even reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks. The science behind this technique lies in the mind-body connection, where the relaxation of muscles signals the brain to release endorphins, creating a sense of calm and relaxation. It is important to follow the guided steps and tips for beginners to practice progressive muscle relaxation effectively.

bobi is an ideal accompaniment to your daily PMR practice. bobi’s unique design that mimics human breathing is the perfect breathing companion to use while you are learning and adopting this technique. All the research supports the use of tactile prompts to accelerate and improve the rate of adoption of new habits. Get your bobi from here.

bobi box side on view


  1. What is Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) and how does it work?

PMR is a systematic technique that involves tensing and then relaxing specific muscle groups in the body. It helps in coping with stress, anxiety, and physical pain by systematically releasing physical and mental tension.

  1. What are the benefits of practicing PMR?

PMR offers several benefits including alleviation of muscle tension and stress, relief from headaches, cramping, neck pain, reduction in high blood pressure levels, pain relief, improved sleep quality, and it can be particularly beneficial for pregnant women experiencing discomfort.

  1. How can PMR help in managing anxiety and tension?

PMR has been proven effective in easing anxiety and tension. It interrupts the cycle of chronic muscle tension and mental stress, which are common in anxiety disorders. Regular practice of PMR leads to improved autonomic regulation, managing the physical symptoms of anxiety.

  1. How should one practice Progressive Muscle Relaxation effectively?

To practice PMR effectively, find a quiet and comfortable place, focus on one muscle group at a time, tense each group for about 5 seconds, and then release. It’s important to pay close attention to the sensations of tension and relaxation in each muscle group.

  1. Are there any considerations or situations where PMR should be avoided?

PMR should be avoided during pregnancy and by individuals with heart conditions, as it may affect heart rate. Some may experience headaches as a result of progressive relaxation. It’s always advisable to consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance before starting PMR.


  1. Farias, M., Wikholm, C., & Delmonte, R. (2018). Meditation and Yoga can Modulate Brain Mechanisms that affect Behavior and Anxiety-A Modern Scientific Perspective. Ancient Science, 5(1), 13-19. Available at: link.
  2. Hofmann, S. G., & Gómez, A. F. (2021). Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Anxiety and Depression. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 41(4), 739-749. Available at: link.
  3. Meuret, A. E., Ritz, T., Rosenfield, D., Wilhelm, F. H., & Roth, W. T. (2019). Hyperventilation in Panic Disorder and Asthma: Empirical Evidence and Clinical Strategies. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 148, 23-39. Available at: link.
  4. Chen, Y. W., & Dilsaver, S. C. (2016). Lifetime Rates of Suicide Attempts among Subjects with Bipolar and Unipolar Disorders Relative to Subjects with Other Axis I Disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 59(6), 491-499. Available at: link.
  5. Smith, J. L., Steel, Z., & Ward, P. B. (2023). Yoga and Mental Health: A Synthesis of the Evidence and Potential Mechanisms of Change. Advances in Mind Body Medicine, 37(1), 14-25. Available at: link.


CBT vs DBT: What you need to know


I often get asked by my patients what’s CBT vs DBT? It can be quite confusing trying to understand these different mental health treatment modalities, so I thought I’d cover it in a blog. Given we experience up to 6,000 thoughts each day, this leaves us ample room for negative thoughts. It’s important to understand how the two therapy types can help us manage these potentially negative thoughts and emotions.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a widely known therapy that helps people with anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is another type of therapy that’s specifically designed for people with borderline personality disorder, but it can also help with other conditions. In this blog post, we will dive deeper into CBT vs DBT by uncovering their history, key features, how they both work and how they’re delivered. We’ll also compare the key differences between the two techniques and discuss when each one is more suitable. So, by the end of this post, you’ll have a much better understanding of these two therapies, which will help you make an informed decision about your mental health treatment.


The modern roots of CBT can be traced to the development of behavior therapy in the early 20th century. Aaron T. Beck then developed cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the early 1960’s, targeting unhelpful thoughts and behavior patterns. Conversely, Marsha Linehan created dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in the early 1990s to initially treat individuals with borderline personality disorder, emphasizing distress tolerance and emotion regulation.

Over time, both CBT and DBT have evolved to address mental health issues, personality disorders, and substance use, contributing to effective therapeutic interventions for distress tolerance.

The development of these therapies has significantly impacted the field of talk therapy, offering valuable strategies for individuals seeking the right therapist and specific goals.

Overview of CBT


The very first question that I encounter often is ‘what is cbt’. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of talk therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. It has been proven to be effective in treating various conditions, including anxiety, depression, and PTSD. Typically delivered in the form of group sessions or individual therapy, CBT helps individuals identify specific goals and develop behavioral skills to address their concerns. One of the key behavioural skills learned is the habit of slow conscious breathing.

Key features of CBT

Key features of CBT involve identifying negative thoughts and behaviors, utilizing a structured framework, and collaborating with the therapist. This type of therapy has a strong evidence base, supported by numerous studies demonstrating its effectiveness in treating various mental health issues.

CBT emphasizes talk therapy and the development of behavioral skills to address mood disorders, chronic pain, and suicidal ideation. The right therapist can help individuals set specific goals and acquire new skills, making this form of CBT beneficial for addressing a wide range of challenges in social situations.

How does CBT work?

The goal of CBT is to help individuals develop new coping strategies that are more adaptive and effective so that they can live happier, healthier lives. During CBT sessions, individuals work with a therapist to identify negative thought patterns and behaviors that are contributing to their distress. The therapist then helps the individual develop new, more positive ways of thinking and behaving, which can help to reduce symptoms of anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions. This is how dbt vs cbt for anxiety works.

By practicing these new coping strategies in real-life situations, individuals can learn to manage their emotions more effectively and improve their overall quality of life.

The effectiveness of CBT depends on the individual’s willingness to participate and make lifestyle changes, which can take time and effort but can ultimately lead to lasting benefits.

How is CBT delivered?

CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) can be delivered in various ways, such as individual or group therapy, or through self-help materials. Sessions typically last 50-60 minutes and focus on identifying negative thinking and behavior patterns to replace them with positive ones. Group therapy offers additional support from peers.

Overview of DBT


Before exploring the differences between these two therapies, let’s first find out ‘what is dbt’. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy designed initially for treating borderline personality disorder. It focuses on teaching coping skills to manage intense emotions, improve relationships, and reduce self-destructive behavior through individual therapy, group therapy, phone coaching, and skills training.

DBT emphasizes mindfulness, acceptance, and change and has been proven effective in treating various mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, and substance abuse.

Research suggests that the therapy promotes emotional regulation and interpersonal effectiveness, making it a valuable form of therapy for individuals struggling with mood disorders and suicidal ideation.

Key features of DBT

Developed by psychologist Marsha Linehan, DBT combines elements of CBT with mindfulness practices. It focuses on skills training in emotional regulation, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, and mindfulness. DBT is commonly used to treat borderline personality disorder and other mental health conditions. Its goal is to help individuals create a life worth living by managing difficult emotions and building meaningful relationships. Additionally, DBT can be delivered through individual therapy, group sessions, and phone coaching, providing a diverse approach to talk therapy that addresses the specific goals of each individual.

Four modules of DBT

How does DBT work?

DBT works by helping individuals regulate their emotions and improve their relationships. Together, the therapist and individual identify strengths, weaknesses, and strategies for coping with difficult situations. DBT includes individual and group therapy, skills training, and phone coaching. Creating a supportive therapeutic environment and building a strong therapeutic relationship is also emphasized.

How is DBT delivered?

DBT therapy techniques include individual therapy sessions and group skills training. In individual therapy, clients learn coping skills and address specific issues. Group skills training covers topics like mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness. Phone coaching may also be provided for crisis support.

Comparing the Key Differences: CBT vs DBT

In talk therapy, CBT focuses on altering unhelpful thoughts and behaviors, while DBT emphasizes accepting distress and acquiring new skills to manage emotions effectively. Both forms of therapy differ in their targeted mental health issues as CBT primarily addresses specific conditions, whereas DBT is more suitable for individuals dealing with intense emotions and interpersonal challenges. The key differences lie in their treatment philosophies and the specific goals each therapy aims to achieve, ultimately improving the individual’s quality of life through behavioral skills and emotional management.

Difference in Treatment Goals

When it comes to talk therapy, both CBT and DBT have specific goals in mind. While CBT aims to modify irrational thoughts and behavior patterns, DBT focuses on emotional regulation and distress tolerance. CBT is designed to target negative thought patterns and anxiety disorders, whereas DBT is particularly helpful for individuals with borderline personality disorder and suicidal ideation. Ultimately, CBT aims to change unhelpful thinking patterns, while DBT focuses on promoting emotional regulation and healthy behavioral skills. Each type of therapy offers unique benefits tailored to specific goals and individual needs.

Variations in Treatment Philosophies

While CBT focuses on restructuring thought patterns, DBT integrates change-focused strategies with acceptance-based techniques. CBT emphasizes present-moment thinking patterns, whereas DBT highlights the influence of social factors on emotional regulation. Additionally, CBT prioritizes critical thinking, while DBT places emphasis on mindfulness techniques. Both types of therapy involve talk therapy and group sessions to help individuals develop behavioral skills. By understanding these key differences, individuals can make informed decisions about the type of therapy that aligns with their specific goals and needs.

Differences Between Cbt Vs Dbt

Similarities between CBT and DBT

Both CBT and DBT focus on addressing specific behavior patterns, aiming to modify thought patterns and behavior for improved emotional regulation and interpersonal relationships. They both emphasize the therapeutic process and utilize cognitive behavioral therapy as a form of treatment. Both therapies work towards helping individuals achieve specific goals through various techniques, including talk therapy and group sessions. When seeking the right therapist and type of therapy, it’s essential to consider the similarities and differences between CBT and DBT.

Common Techniques Used

When seeking therapy, it’s essential to understand the common techniques used in CBT and DBT. In CBT, techniques like cognitive restructuring and behavioral activation are employed to address irrational thoughts. On the other hand, DBT focuses on distress tolerance and emotion regulation skills, integrating dialectical behavioral therapy skills training. Both therapies utilize cognitive therapy techniques to address unhelpful thoughts and emotions, emphasizing the development of new skills to manage mood disorders and improve overall well-being. Understanding these techniques is crucial in choosing the right type of therapy and finding the right therapist.

CBT vs DBT: The differences

CBT primarily targets transforming negative thoughts and behaviors, whereas DBT emphasizes acceptance and mindfulness, offering a more flexible and individualized approach. DBT also includes specific skills for emotional regulation and interpersonal effectiveness, which are not typically addressed in CBT. While both therapies can be effective for various mental health conditions, they are often utilized for different purposes and populations. It’s crucial to consider the key differences between CBT and DBT when determining the most suitable type of therapy for individuals, ensuring that their specific goals and needs are addressed effectively.

When is CBT More Suitable?

CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) is a suitable approach for individuals dealing with anxiety disorders, depression, and substance abuse problems.

Numerous studies have shown its effectiveness for mild to moderate depressive episodes. CBT is typically a short-term therapy, consisting of 5-20 sessions that can be conducted individually or in a group setting.

When is DBT more suitable?

DBT is particularly beneficial for individuals with borderline personality disorder or emotional regulation difficulties.

Research has shown that DBT skills training can reduce anxiety symptoms in psychiatric patients. It focuses on developing coping skills, improving relationships, and reducing self-destructive behaviors. CBT may be better suited for those with anxiety or depression. The choice between DBT and CBT depends on the individual’s specific needs and diagnosis.


In summary, when it comes to understanding CBT vs DBT, both present effective treatment options for managing mental health disorders and enhancing distress tolerance. The choice of therapy depends on individual needs, considering therapy sessions, emotional regulation, and distress tolerance skills. Addressing unhelpful thoughts, emotion regulation, and interpersonal relationships can be achieved through talk therapy. Exploring the form of therapy, type of therapy, and specific cbt and dbt skills training will aid in making an informed decision. Each therapy offers unique benefits, and finding the right therapist to develop new skills for managing intense emotions and behavioral patterns is crucial.


  1. CBT vs DBT: What’s the primary difference? 

CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) is a form of talk therapy focusing on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors, primarily used for anxiety, depression, and PTSD. DBT (Dialectical Behavioral Therapy), initially designed for borderline personality disorder, teaches coping skills for managing intense emotions and improving relationships.

  1. How does CBT work and what are its key features?

CBT works by helping individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors, contributing to their distress. Its key features include a structured framework, collaboration with the therapist, and focus on developing behavioral skills to address various mental health issues.

  1. What are the primary goals and delivery methods of DBT?

DBT aims to regulate emotions and improve interpersonal relationships. It is delivered through individual therapy, group skills training, and sometimes phone coaching, focusing on skills like mindfulness, emotional regulation, and distress tolerance.

  1. When is CBT more suitable compared to DBT?

CBT is more suitable for individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. It’s typically a short-term therapy, effective for mild to moderate depressive episodes.

  1. What are the similarities between CBT and DBT?

Both CBT and DBT aim to modify thought patterns and behavior for better emotional regulation and interpersonal relationships. They utilize cognitive behavioral techniques and often involve both individual and group therapy sessions


  1. Poppenk, J. (2020). Brain meta-state transitions demarcate thoughts across task contexts exposing the mental noise of trait neuroticism. Nature Communications. Retrieved from link
  2. Wikipedia Contributors. (n.d.). Behaviour therapy. Wikipedia. Retrieved from link
  3. Tartakovsky, M. (2016). What Is Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and Is It Right for Me? Psych Central. Retrieved from link
  4. Gautam, M., Tripathi, A., Deshmukh, D., & Gaur, M. (2020). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(Suppl 2), S223–S229. Retrieved from link

Sign Up

Stay updated on what's happening at bobi, and all things breathing, anxiety and mental wellness.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.